Tianhe District (Simplified: 天河区; Traditional: 天河區; Cantonese: Tīnhó keui; Mandarin: Tiānhé qū) is one of the eleven districts of Guangzhou in the province of Guangdong. In Chinese, the name Tianhe literally means "a river in the sky/heavens", which is also a Chinese name for the Milky Way. It is bordered by Yuexiu District on the west, Baiyun District on the north and Huangpu District on the east. Haizhu District is on its south, though they are separated by the Pearl River.
Tianhe became a district in the 1980s as the city expanded its size. Back then, it was east of Dongshan District (which was merged into Yuexiu in 2005) and it was more suburban like if not rural like. Even though a majority of colleges and universities in the city were located in the district, the rest of the district was mostly composed of rice fields.
Symbolic landmarks of Guangzhou located in Tianhe District are: Citic Plaza (simplified chinese: 中信大厦; traditional chinese: 中信大廈), Guangzhou International Finance Center (simplified chinese: 广州国际金融中心，西塔; traditional chinese: 廣州國際金融中心，西塔), Guangzhou Opera House (simplified chinese: 广州大剧院; traditional chinese: 廣州大劇院); and Guangdong Museum (simplified chinese: 广东博物馆; traditional chinese: 廣東博物館). The 6th and 9th of The National Games of the People's Republic of China, and the 2010 Asian Games were also held in Tianhe District, Guangzhou.History
Prehistoric population settled in what is now Longdong Subdistrict (龙洞村) in the Neolithic Period. Eastern Han tombs were discovered in Tianhe. During the Song Dynasty, Tianhe area was called Dashuixu (大水墟, lit. "large river town").
The area of modern Tianhe District was part of Panyu County for more than two thousand years. The area was gradually put under Guangzhou's administration between 1937 and 1958. By the liberation of Guangzhou (October 1949), there were two districts in Tianhe area, namely Shahe (沙河区) and Shipai (石牌区). In 1951 both districts were merged into the newly established Baiyun District, while five years later Baiyun was further merged with Huangpu and Xinjiao Districts to form suburban district (郊区). In 1960 Jiaoqu was dissolved and the area consisting of modern Tianhe became Huangpu District, however it was reestablished two years later. In 1985 part of Jiaoqu was split, and Tianhe District was established then.
In 1987 Tonghe Town (同和镇) was put into Baiyun District. In 1992 Yangji Cun was put into Dongshan District. By 1994, Kemulang (柯木塱), Yushatan (渔沙坦), and Fenghuang (凤凰) Farms along with Shadongcun (沙东村) and Erduicun were placed under Tianhe's jurisdiction. In 2000, former Xintang (新塘), Mubei (沐陂), Lingtang (凌塘), and Yushu (玉树) Farms were also placed under Tianhe and the farms gradually became subdistricts.Administrative divisions Developments
The first big project built in the district during the 1980s was the Tianhe Sports Center when the city was selected to host the Sixth National Games in 1986. The complex includes a stadium of 65,000 seats, a gymnasium and an indoor swimming pool. Its construction had a lasting impact on the development of the district. Soon other projects followed and rice fields gave away to residential complexes called "xiaoqu" (meaning "little districts"). The construction of xiaoqu began in the mid and late eighties and most of them had residential buildings of no more than 10 stories. Each floor was kept to no more than four units due to the lack of elevators since they would increase the construction cost. Also, due to the sheer number of residential buildings – some xiaoqu had more than 20 residential buildings – a lot of land was needed and thus converted.
The building of Guangzhou East Railway Station in 1990 further contributed to the growth of the district. The old Guangzhou Railway Station is 10 km to the west and was the terminus for trains to and from Beijing and Hong Kong. To relieve the traffic, the East Railroad Station was built and is now the terminus for trains to and from Hong Kong and Shenzhen.
As the district developed, the size of xiaoqu became smaller since land became more valuable and expensive. Most of the new xiaoqu now only consist of four to six residential buildings but each can contain 30 floors or more since the growth of district attracted big developers where the cost of construction (such as elevators) was no longer an issue. Also, taller residential buildings gave rise to taller office buildings.
South of the Sports Center and north of the Zhujiang River is Zhujiang New Town, an area desolate a decade ago but which is now one of the fastest-developing areas of Guangzhou. Many of Guangzhou's newest and most iconic buildings are found in this part of the district.
Several venues used for the 2010 Asian Games are located in Tianhe District.Economy Guangzhou Science City Kung Fu restaurants has its headquarters in the district Jinyi Cinemas has its headquarters in the district Chow Sang Sang's Mainland division, Chow Sang Sang (China) Company Limited Google has its Guangzhou office in Teemtower (天河城大厦) of Teem Plaza. All Nippon Airways operates its Guangzhou Office in the district. Since May 3, 2011 it has been located in Tower A of Victory Plaza. On May 2, 2011 and prior, it was located in the 2605 CITIC Plaza. Renren.com has its Guangzhou office in China Shine Plaza (耀中广场). 56.com was headquartered in Huajingyuan (华景园) in Tianhe Software Park (天河软件园) when it was an independent company. Diplomatic missions
The Consulate General of the United States, Guangzhou is in Zhujiang New Town, Tianhe District.Education
Many of the city's colleges and universities are located in the district. They include:Guangzhou Sport University PLA Institute of Physical Education, Guangzhou Jinan University Guangdong University of Technology South China Agricultural University South China University of Technology South China Normal University
International schools in the district include:Japanese School of Guangzhou Huamei-Bond International College Guangzhou Nanfang International School
Former international schools:American International School of Guangzhou in The Greenery (怡苑) École Française Internationale de Canton in Favorview (汇景新城) Transportation
Besides the Guangzhou East Railway Station (referred to by locals as simply "East Station"), Tianhe is also the terminus for several Guangzhou Metro lines, and one line goes through it:
Tianhe is currently service by five metro lines operated by Guangzhou Metro:Line 1 – Tiyu Xilu ( 3 North & South), Tianhe Sports Center, Guangzhou East Station ( 3 ) Line 3 (North Line) – Yantang ( 6 ), Guangzhou East Station ( 1 ), Linhexi ( APM ), Tiyu Xilu ( 1 3 South) Line 3 (South Line) – Tianhe Coach Terminal ( 6 ), Wushan, South China Normal University, Gangding, Shipaiqiao, Tiyu Xilu ( 1 3 North), Zhujiang New Town ( 5 ) Line 4 – Huangcun, Chebei, Chebeinan ( 5 ) Line 5 – Zhujiang New Town ( 3 ), Liede, Tancun, Yuancun, Keyun Lu, Chebeinan ( 4 ), Dongpu, Sanxi Line 6 – Shaheding, Shahe (u/c), Tianpingjia, Yantang ( 3 ), Tianhe Coach Terminal ( 3 ), Changban Zhujiang APM – Linhexi ( 3 ), Tianhe Sports Center South, Tianhenan, Huangpu Dadao, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Huacheng Dadao, Guangzhou Opera House, Haixinsha Notable buildings CITIC Plaza, a 80-story, 391 m (1,291 ft) skyscraper completed in 1997, situated between Tianhe Sports Center and Guangzhou East Railway Station. It was the tallest building in China then, and now it ranks as the 3rd tallest building in Guangzhou, 8th in China, 11th in Asia, and 16th worldwide. Pearl River Tower, a skyscraper in Zhujiang New Town, which is the first zero-energy building in China. It is owned by China Tobacco. Guangzhou International Finance Center, a 435 m tall skyscraper. It was built between 2005 and 2010. The famous shopping mall, TeeMall, a very big shopping centre, the Chinese from Guangzhou even call it the biggest shopping mall in Asia (although the biggest mall in Asia is actually the Golden Resources Mall in Beijing). References Official Site (in simplified Chinese)